The double-end California Street cable cars in the fleet today are modeled on a design introduced in 1891 by the California Street Cable Railroad Company, often known as “Cal Cable.”
This design, considered revolutionary by some experts at the time, featured a closed center section flanked by open sections on each end. The car could be operated from either end, and thus did not require a turntable or turning loop. This easily reversible vehicle design was quickly dubbed the “California type” and was widely adopted throughout the western United States for both cable cars and streetcars. Indeed, the California design served for half a century as the standard streetcar model in San Francisco for both Muni and its private competitors.
Cal Cable’s original fleet of cars was completely destroyed in the 1906 earthquake and fire. Over the following few years, the company built a new fleet of cable cars very much like the originals but with corner posts and windows on the ends for greater strength. Separate fleets of these cars served the California Street line, which ran from Market Street to Presidio Avenue, and the O’Farrell, Jones & Hyde line. (Three shorter cable cars were used on a shuttle service on Jones Street between Market and O’Farrell.)
In 1952, Muni took over the financially insolvent California Street Cable Railroad Co. After a ferocious political fight, voters approved a realignment of Muni’s cable car system that saw the California line lose half its length, cut back to Van Ness Avenue, while the O’Farrell, Jones & Hyde line and the Powell line that ran along Washington and Jackson Streets to Pacific Heights were discontinued in favor of a new Powell-Hyde line that used pieces of each.
The best cable cars from both the California and O’Farrell, Jones & Hyde lines were kept and repainted for the truncated California Street line, which reopened in 1957. The rest were sold or turned into playground structures.
Of today’s California Street cable car fleet, only three cars — Nos. 54, 55, and 57 — served the old California Street line. Five served the vanished O’Farrell, Jones & Hyde line: Nos. 50, 51, 53, 56, and 58. Four were built by Muni after the consolidation: Nos. 49, 52, 59, and 60.
The livery of these cable cars has changed little since this type was first built following the 1906 earthquake: predominantly maroon, with distinctive “ribbons” on the ends describing the route served by the cable car. When the entire cable car system was rebuilt in 1982-84, Muni modified the livery of these cars slightly by adding a light blue owner’s panel (rocker panel) at the bottom of the sides, giving these double-end cars some resemblance to the livery that the single-end Powell cable cars received at the same time.
This page describes the details of California Street cable car No. 49. Details of the other California Street cable cars can be found on the roster page.
California Street Cable Car Specifications
Number of Cars
12 on roster
Maximum of 7 in service at one time
68 (34 seated + 34 standing)
16,800 lb (7,620 kg)
30′ 3″ (9.2 m)
10′ 2″ (3.1 m)
8′ 0″ (2.4 m)
3′ 6″ (1.07 m)
Round Trip Route Length
California line: 2.8 mi (4.5 km)
9.5 mph (15.3 km/h)
Cable Length – California St. plus non-revenue section on Hyde St.
21,700 ft (6,615 m)
Cable Motive Power
510-horsepower electric motor driving four cable winders at powerhouse
Powerhouse and Carbarn
Washington and Mason Streets
Built 1887 by Ferries & Cliff House Railway
Rebuilt 1906 by United Railroads
Rebuilt 1982-84 by San Francisco Municipal Railway
Steepest Grades on California Line
18.2% between Stockton St. and Grant Ave.